Even the faintest whisper about the unification of physics must stand up to experiment with new explanations, tests and predictions. The following ones were deduced by Christoph Schiller from the strand conjecture.

 
• The bet – in six parts – about the unification of fundamental physics
• Tests with particle experiments
• Tests with gravity experiments
• Theoretical tests
• Present limitations and timeline of the prediction
• Why you should bet against the strand conjecture
• Why you should bet on the strand conjecture
• Actually betting on or against a fascinating issue of modern science?
 

The bet – in six parts – about the unification of fundamental physics

1. No deviation from the standard model of particle physics (with massive Dirac neutrinos) will be discovered.
2. No deviation from general relativity (at sub-galactic distances) will be discovered.
3. No exception to any (corrected) Planck limit (c, ℏ, c4/4G, etc.) will be discovered.
4. All observations and all physics theories derive from the fundamental principle of the strand conjecture. Its assumptions are minimal, clear, and unmodifiable.
5. Calculating the fundamental constants of the standard model (masses of the electron and the other elementary particles, fine structure constant, nuclear coupling constants, and mixing angles) is possible with strands.
6. Everything unexplained so far in fundamental particle physics is explained by strands.

The research page lists papers and preprints explaining how the parts of the prediction arise.

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Tests with particle experiments – of bet parts 1 and 3:

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Tests with gravity experiments – of bet parts 2 and 3:

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Theoretical tests – of bet parts 4, 5 and 6:

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Present limitations and timeline of the prediction

The aim remains to extend the list of tests in cosmology and to improve the calculations of the fundamental constants. More details about the story behind the strand conjecture are told in the blog on strand research. In principle, the prediction has no end in time. Due to finite lifetime of homo sapiens, an earlier date for a challenge would be more practical, such as 1 September 2030.

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Why you should bet against the strand conjecture

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Why you should bet on the strand conjecture

  1. So far, every consequence of the strand conjecture – every consequence and every prediction – agrees with all known experiments. Since the predictions were deduced in 2014 – in fact, almost all were deduced in 2009 – all checks are positive. And, besides, the strand conjecture agrees with all physics textbook theories: quantum theory, the standard model, and general relativity.
  2. The strand conjecture is the first and so far the only conjecture that explains the elementary particles and all their properties. For example, strands explain why there are three particle generations and why protons have the same charge as positrons.
  3. The strand conjecture is the first and so far the only conjecture that explains the four interactions and their properties. For example, strands explain quantum field theory, the gauge groups, the gauge interaction Lagrangians, the vanishing vacuum energy and the lack of a Landau pole; strands explain the field equations of general relativity, black hole entropy and the no-hair theorem.
  4. The strand conjecture is the first and so far the only conjecture that estimates the fundamental constants ab initio. For example, strands predict the normal neutrino mass sequence and a rough value for the weak mixing angle, ab initio; and by explaining the fine structure constant and the mass of the electron more precisely – and ab initio – strands will explain all colours in nature.
  5. The strand conjecture is the first and so far the only conjecture that explains everything ab initio in fundamental physics. It explains the principle of least action, the dimensionality of space, and all conventional "principles" of physics. All consequences of the strand conjecture – all explanations and all predictions – derive from a single principle at the Planck scale. There is no way to modify the strand conjecture. There is no way (except by changing tangle–particle assignments) to change the predictions of the conjecture. And no issues in fundamental physics are left unexplained.
  6. The strand conjecture fits on a T-shirt. And it gets negative points on the Baez and the Caldwell crackpot indices.

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Actually betting on or against a fascinating issue of modern science?

Thousands of people have worked on unification and thousands are still working on it. It is among the prettiest problems in science. Do you want to bet about the best way to unification? Then write me at christoph@motionmountain.net. I will bet on the strand conjecture or on one of its predictions. The central aspect of this scientific wager is this: Is unification as simple as strands or is it much more complicated?

An easy way to bet against the conjecture is to point out gaps in the preprints on the research page. An easy way to bet on the conjecture is to donate to our tiny non-profit, the Motion Mountain Physikverein. Sizeable donations that support research on strands will be mentioned – except if not desired – in future publications and on this website.

Are you a researcher from CERN or another research institution? You can bet against the conjecture by finding a single effect beyond the standard model or beyond general relativity. You can bet on the conjecture by supporting strand research – with 10 ppm of your annual budget.

Are you a donor or a sponsor thinking about a medium-sized contribution or bet? Given the promising results so far, the Motion Mountain Physikverein makes an unusual offer: if desired, in the case that just one of the above predictions and tests fails, the received financial support for strand research will be refunded. In short: strand conjecture falsified, money back.

You want to support strand research without being named? No problem.

Are you a donor or a sponsor thinking about a large bet or contribution? In this case, the Motion Mountain Physikverein makes an additional offer: if another, inequivalent conjecture about the unification of physics arises – explaining particles and forces, estimating fundamental constants, and explaining least action and the number of dimensions – then the received financial support for strand research will also be refunded. Even if the strand conjecture is not falsified. In short: strand conjecture not unique, money back.

Do you want to place a long bet on the homonymous website? Let me know. Here is an example bet, phrased in 2020:
 
1. Maximum force c4/4G and maximum power c5/4G will never be exceeded,
2. maximum energy speed c and minimum action ℏ will never be violated,
3. no physics beyond the standard model with massive neutrinos will ever be found,
4. no deviation from general relativity at sub-galactic scales will ever be found,
    and
5. no conjecture differing from the tangle model will ever explain the masses, the mixing angles and the coupling constants of elementary particles.

In particular not before 1 September 2030.
 
Note: in the tangle model, the effective dark energy density might change over cosmological time scales, and this is the reason that point 4 mentions 'sub-galactic' scales. Furthermore, some tangle–particle assignments might require corrections.

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