Even the faintest whisper about the unification of physics must stand up to experiment with new explanations, tests and predictions. The ones given below were deduced by Christoph Schiller from the strand conjecture, i.e., from the statement that the Dirac trick at the Planck scale describes motion and nature completely.

At present, every prediction listed below agrees with data, and every test proposed below is positive. In simple words, strands predict – since about 2014 – that the search for physics beyond the standard model (with massive Dirac neutrinos) and – since about 2000 – that the search for physics beyond general relativity will be unsuccessful. Strands predict that any such search will be as unsuccessful as all the searches for action values below the quantum of action, for energy speeds faster than light, or for force values beyond the maximum force. Indeed, strands predict that the search for new physics is equivalent to all the unsuccessful searches for trans-Planckian physics.

In fact, strands make only about two dozen positive predictions: the value of each particle mass, of each mixing angle and of each coupling constant can be deduced from the strand model.

 
● The predictions and the proposed bet about fundamental physics – in four parts
● Tests with particle experiments – of bet part 1
● Tests with gravity experiments – of bet part 2
● Theoretical tests – of bet parts 3 and 4
● Present limitations and timeline of the predictions
● Do you want to bet on or against this fascinating issue of modern science?
● Why you should bet against the strand conjecture
● Why you should bet on the strand conjecture
 

The predictions and the proposed bet about fundamental physics – in four parts

1. No deviation from the standard model of particle physics (with massive Dirac neutrinos and PMNS mixing) will ever be observed. Thus also no exception to the invariant local limits c, and /c.
2. No deviation from general relativity (at sub-galactic distances) will ever be observed. Thus also no exception to the invariant local limits c, c5/4G, c4/4G, c3/4G and c2/4G.
3. Every observation in elementary particle physics is explained by the fundamental Planck-scale principle of the strand conjecture, i.e., by Dirac's trick at the Planck scale. The assumptions are minimal, clear and unmodifiable. No other, inequivalent approach will achieve this completeness of explanation.
4. Calculating the fundamental constants of the standard model – the mass of the electron and of the other elementary particles, the fine structure constant and the nuclear coupling constants, and all mixing angles and CP phases – is possible with strands. No other, inequivalent approach will achieve this calculation.

The research page lists papers and preprints explaining how these rather daring predictions arise. The rest of this page shows how to test and to falsify both the predictions and the strand conjecture itself.

 Top

Tests with particle experiments – of bet part 1:

 Top

Tests with gravity experiments – of bet part 2:

 Top

Theoretical tests – of bet parts 3 and 4:

 Top

Present limitations and timeline of the predictions

The aim remains to extend the list of tests in cosmology and to improve the calculations of the fundamental constants. In principle, the predictions have no end in time. Due to the finite lifetime of homo sapiens, an earlier date for a challenge is more practical, such as 1 September 2030.

 Top

Do you want to bet on or against this fascinating issue of modern science?

Thousands have worked and are still working on unification, one of the most captivating problems in science. Do you want to bet about the best path to unification? Then write me at christoph@motionmountain.net. I will bet on one or several predictions of the strand conjecture, privately or publicly, even on the long bets website. The central aspect of this scientific wager is: Is unification as simple as strands suggest?

Are you a researcher from a university, CERN, another research institution or a funding organisation? You can bet against the conjecture by finding (or funding) a single effect (or experiment) showing physics beyond the standard model or beyond general relativity. Or you can bet on the conjecture and support strand research with 0.001% of your annual budget.

Are you a donor or a sponsor thinking about a medium-sized contribution or bet? Given the promising results so far, the Motion Mountain Physikverein makes an unusual offer: if desired, in the case that just one of the hundreds of predictions and tests given here fails, the received financial support for strand research will be refunded. In short: strand conjecture falsified, money back.

An easy way to bet against the conjecture: point out errors in the preprints on the research page. An easy way to bet on the conjecture: donate to our tiny non-profit research organization, the Motion Mountain Physikverein. Sizeable donations that support research on strands will be mentioned – except if anonymity is preferred – in future publications and on this website.

Are you a donor or a sponsor thinking about a large bet or contribution? In this case, the Motion Mountain Physikverein makes an additional offer: if another, inequivalent conjecture about the unification of physics arises – explaining particles and forces, estimating fundamental constants, and explaining least action and the number of dimensions – then the received financial support for strand research will also be refunded. Even if the strand conjecture is not falsified. In short: strand conjecture not unique, money back.

 Top

Why you should bet against the strand conjecture

 Top

Why you should bet on the strand conjecture

  1. So far, every consequence of the strand conjecture – and every prediction – agrees with all known experiments. Since the year (2019) that the predictions were listed on this page and published in the first journals all checks are positive. (In fact, most predictions are from 2009.)
  2. The strand model is based on a discovery in fundamental physics that is experiencing growing interest: maximum force. This limit principle, combined with the ideas of Dirac and of Battey-Pratt and Racey, led to the fundamental principle of the strand conjecture.
  3. The strand conjecture is the first conjecture (and so far one of only a few) that explains the elementary particles and all their properties. Strands explain why there are three particle generations and why protons have the same charge as positrons.
  4. The strand conjecture is the first conjecture (and so far one of only a few) that explains the four interactions and their properties. Strands explain quantum field theory, the gauge groups, the gauge interaction Lagrangians, the full standard model Lagrangian, the vanishing vacuum energy and the lack of a Landau pole; strands explain the field equations of general relativity, the Hilbert Lagrangian, black hole entropy and the no-hair theorem.
  5. The strand conjecture is the first conjecture (and so far one of only a few) that estimates the fundamental constants ab initio. Strands predict the normal neutrino mass sequence and a rough value for the weak mixing angle, ab initio; and by explaining the fine structure constant and the mass of the electron more precisely – and ab initio – strands will explain all colours in nature.
  6. The strand conjecture is the first conjecture and so far the only one that explains everything ab initio in (fundamental) physics. It explains the principle of least action, the dimensionality of space, all conventional "principles" and Lagrangians used in physics. All consequences of the strand conjecture – all explanations and all predictions – derive from a single principle at the Planck scale. There is no way to modify the strand conjecture. There is no way (except by changing tangle–particle assignments) to change the predictions of the conjecture. And no issues in fundamental physics are left unexplained.
  7. Finally, the strand conjecture fits on a T-shirt, as often required. The T-shirt contains and agrees with all of textbook physics. (Of course, the strand conjecture is based only on professional physics books, papers and journals and is published only in such journals. And of course, the strand conjecture gets no points on the Baez and the Caldwell crackpot indices.) The strand conjecture agrees with all available experimental data but remains falsifiable. In fact, the numerous predictions on this page, in the publications and in the preprints – and the many people working on those topics – make falsification possible and easy in principle, as is required by any candidate theory in physics.

 Top